Clothing and Art of the Phoenician People

The main industry of the Phoenician people was textiles. Both linen and wool were woven into cloth, and the purple dye from the Murex, a shellfish the Phoenicians extracted the purple dye from, was sometimes used to dye them.

Men usually wore belted pleated skirts ornamented on the front with two large uraei clasps. A uraei clasp represented a sacred cobra, like the ones on a Pharaoh's crown. Large pendants of a god were worn around the neck. Men were depicted in art sometimes wearing multi-colored clothes, with borders that were embroidered. Most men wore cone-shaped hats. Phoenician men also liked to keep their hair and beards long.

Women mainly wore a long tunic tied with a belt that had two tassels hanging from it. A sculpture showed a Phoenician woman wearing a frilled skirt. Other sculptures showed a low circular-shaped headdress and tight neckbands. A Phoenician woman's hair would also be braided down the back with two other short braids on the side.

Capes were worn by men and women alike.

A Fine Phoenician Vase
A Fine Phoenician Vase

Gold and silver jewelery were also found in tombs, including pendants, pins, hair pins, and combs earrings, bracelets, diadems, which were jeweled crowns or bands worn on the head, and some other small objects made in ivory, gold and silver.

Glassblowing was known by the Egyptians and others during the first century B.C. The Phoenicians were able to produce perfectly transparent glass, better than the opaque Egyptian glass. The Phoenicians developed the art of glassblowing.

Craftsmen performed very well in wood carving, but not many wooden pieces of art remain today, as they have disintegrated as over centuries.

Artistic metal bowls have been found from the 8th and 7th centuries B.C.


"The Phoenicians were ingenious traders, seafarers, and inventors, who made many contributions to society."