Food and Medicine the Phoenician People Ate and Used

100 grams of Frankincense
100 grams of Frankincense

The people of Phoenicia grew olives, vines, fruit trees, dates, and wheat, all of  which they ate. Large stone wheels were uncovered, which have been used by the Phoenicians to grind the harvested wheat grain into flour, which was used to make bread. Large stones with holes were also found other than the wheels, which were probably used as grape and olive presses, which were used to make olive oil and wine. Vegetables were also grown. Cabbages, garlic, thistles, lentils, and peas were grown in the abundant land of Phoenicia. Meat that was eaten as a main source of protein was fish, which was salted by salt found by evaporated sea water. Rainwater for drinking was collected. Another source of freshwater was found by people who lived at Aradus, who inserted a lead funnel into a freshwater spring, and on the end of the funnel, a leather tube was attatched. The tube carried a water supply for the island's people.

Information about medical knowledge of the Phoenicians is little, but it is similar to other countries whose literacy included information about medicine. Natural substances like olive oil, garlic, weeds of various sorts, myrth, and frankincense were taken orally and applied topically in ointments and poultice, a sort of moist paste kept in place with a cloth bandage to heal cuts. Special tools were used to remove debris from the eye were a typical tool in a family's medicine chest. Surgery was perfomed at times on the skull, possibly to remove pressure in the brain.


"The Phoenicians were ingenious traders, seafarers, and inventors, who made many contributions to society."